Affiliated Faculty: Jason Alicea, Michael Cross, Jim Eisenstein, Manuel Endres, David Goodstein, David Hsieh, Alexei Kitaev, Ken Libbrecht, Olexei I. Motrunich, John Preskill, Gil Refael, Tom Rosenbaum, Michael Roukes, Axel Scherer, Sandra M. Troian, Nai-Chang Yeh
Condensed Matter Physics
research includes correlated electron systems, 2-D matter, phase transitions, atomic and excitonic Bose condensation, nanomechanical and nanoelectronic systems, biosensors, quantum electromechanics, phonon physics, high-temperature superconductivity, graphene and carbon nanotube systems, quantum entanglement, dynamics of disordered systems, chaos, pattern formation, and systems far from equilibrium. Resources include numerous labs in the Caltech physics department, at the Kavli Nanoscience Institute
at Caltech, and at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Affiliated Faculty: James Bock, Clifford Cheung, Sunil Golwala, Mark Wise
The observational cosmology group
explores the structure and dynamics of the early universe using precise measurements of the cosmological microwave background radiation. The formation of the early galaxies is being probed using new 'intensity mapping' methods that trace galaxy clustering with dark matter.
Affiliated Faculty: Brad Filippone, Sunil Golwala, David Hitlin, Nick Hutzler, Harvey Newman, Ryan Patterson, Frank Porter, Maria Spiropulu
Activities in the elementary particle physics group are aimed at understanding the fundamental constituents of matter and searching for signatures of physics beyond the Standard Model. Current experiments include CMS at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, directly probing electroweak symmetry breaking and potential new physics accessible at high energies; the NOvA and DUNE long-baseline neutrino experiments, exploring the physics of neutrino mass and mixing and searching for leptonic CP violation; the BABAR experiment at SLAC, searching for new physics in CP-violating and other rare processes in B meson and tau lepton decays; the Mu2e experiment at Fermilab, searching for charged lepton flavor violation; SuperCDMS at SNOLAB, reaching new sensitivities for direct detection of dark matter; and precision atomic/molecular/optical spectroscopic experiments with sensitivity to new sources of CP violation and other physics beyond the Standard Model.
Affiliated Faculty: Sterl Phinney, Tom Prince, Kip Thorne
Observations from the LIGO and LISA projects seek to use gravitational radiation to study a variety of astrophysical sources. Theoretical studies are aimed at developing sensitive data analysis techniques and calculating G-wave signals from sources such as coalescing black holes and neutron stars.
Affiliated Faculty: Sterl Phinney, Tom Prince, Kip Thorne
Caltech is host to the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) Laboratory, which is constructing advanced detectors that will begin data-taking in 2015; we expect to make the first detections of GWs in subsequent years. We work closely with the Caltech Theoretical Astrophysics group and several Caltech precision measurement groups, and with the LIGO Scientific Collaboration.
Affiliated Faculty: Rana Adhikari, Fernando Brandao, Jason Alicea, Xie Chen, Yanbei Chen, Jim Eisenstein, Manuel Endres, David Hsieh, Jeff Kimble, Alexei Kitaev, Olexei I. Motrunich, Oskar Painter, John Preskill, Gil Refael, Tom Rosenbaum, Nai-Chang Yeh
The Institute for Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM)
investigators span Caltech's departments of physics, applied physics, and computer science, and are interested in a wide spectrum of both experimental and theoretical research topics. These topics include, but are not limited to, quantum information science, quantum many-body physics in condensed matter and atomic gas systems, topological states of matter, quantum optics and light-matter interactions at the quantum level, quantum cavity-optomechanics, and quantum metrology.
Affiliated Faculty: Brad Filippone, Nick Hutzler
The nuclear physics group is focused on performing precision nuclear physics measurements to search for physics beyond the Standard Model. Precision measurements of free neutron decay allow sensitive searches for deviations from the Standard Model, while measurements of the neutron electric dipole moment provide access to new sources of Charge-Parity (CP) violation and may help explain the dominance of matter over antimatter in the universe.
Affiliated Faculty: James Bock, Sunil Golwala, Fiona Harrison, Chris Martin, Tom Phillips, Tom Prince, Tom Soifer, Edward Stone, Jonas Zmuidzinas
Research in this area covers a broad range of topics using observational tools covering the entire electromagnetic spectrum.
The high-energy astrophysics group at the Space Radiation Laboratory (SRL) uses X-ray and gamma-ray detectors aboard spacecraft and balloons to investigate energetic processes from compact astrophysical objects, including gamma-ray bursts from neutron-star and black-hole systems, supernova and hypernova dynamics, and the development of stars and galaxies in the early universe.
The cosmic ray group at SRL uses data from a variety of spacecraft to study the composition of energetic particles arriving from the sun, the local interstellar medium, and beyond, in order to understand the origin and acceleration of energetic particles in space.
The ultraviolet astronomy group uses satellite observations, such as from the GALEX spacecraft, to explore the ultraviolet sky. Studies include the birth and death of stars, galaxy dynamics and evolution, and other areas.
The submillimeter astronomy group studies star formation, interstellar gas, galaxies, and quasars using the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory and other facilities. An active program is also under way to develop new superconducting detector technologies for use at these wavelengths, in collaboration with scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
The infrared astronomy group studies a host of astrophysical phenomena using Caltech's Palomar Observatory, the twin10-meter optical telescopes at the Keck Observatory, and observations from the Spitzer Space Telescope. Caltech also manages the Spitzer Science Center on campus.
Affiliated Faculty: Michael Dickinson, Michael Elowitz, Lea Goentoro, Markus Meister, Lior Pachter, Rob Phillips, Michael Roukes, Matt Thomson, Sandra M. Troian
One of the most exciting frontier areas in modern physics is the study of living matter. Because of spectacular advances in technologies such as microscopy and DNA sequencing, it is now possible to have the kind of dialogue between theory and experiment in the study of living organisms that is the life blood of traditional physics. Research in physical biology at Caltech focuses on a broad array of topics ranging from the development of new technologies for single-cell mass spectrometry to the use of statistical mechanics to describing signaling and regulatory networks to quantitative approaches in neuroscience.
Affiliated Faculty: Fernando Brandao, Manuel Endres, Nick Hutzler, Jeff Kimble, Alexei Kitaev, Oskar Painter, John Preskill
Research on campus and at the Institute for Quantum Information and Matter
at Caltech includes studies of the nature of quantum computation and quantum information, cavity quantum electrodynamics, algorithms and error correction techniques in quantum computation, and generally how quantum physics can be harnessed to improve the acquisition, transmission,and processing of information.
Affiliated Faculty: Yanbei Chen, Peter Goldreich, Philip Hopkins, Sterl Phinney, Kip Thorne
The TAPIR (Theoretical Astrophysics Including Relativity)
group carries out research on an ever-changing list of topics, including high-energy astrophysics and the physics of black holes and neutron stars, gravitational-wave astrophysics, cosmology, the formation of stars and galaxies in the early universe, and general relativity.
Affiliated Faculty: Clifford Cheung, Sergei Gukov, Anton Kapustin, Hirosi Ooguri, David Politzer, John Preskill, John Schwarz, David Simmons-Duffin, Mark Wise
Center for Data-Driven Discovery (CD3)
The Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Institute for Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM)
Keck Institute for Space Studies (KISS)
Moore Center for Theoretical Cosmology and Physics
Space Radiation Laboratory (SRL)
Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics (WBITP)
The particle theory group studies superstring theory, which is the most promising candidate for the ultimate unification of forces and matters including the gravity, properties of hadrons described by QCD, cosmology including dark matter and dark energy, and mathematical techniques in quantum field theory.